What is the Census?

Every 10 years, the U.S. Census Bureau counts the number of people living in the United States.


The first U.S. census was in 1790. Data collected by the decennial census determines the number of seats each state has in the U.S. House of Representatives. Texas currently has 36 members, but is likely to gain additional seats after the 2020 Census. Other uses of the data include political redistricting, distribution of federal funding, and planning for infrastructure and social services. Census data is also essential to monitor demographic changes and trends across the country.

The 2020 Census will begin on April 1, 2020.

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